Statistical Models and Causal Inference

Statistical Models and Causal Inference
Author: David A. Freedman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2010
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 0521195004

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David A. Freedman presents a definitive synthesis of his approach to statistical modeling and causal inference in the social sciences..

Statistical Models for Causal Analysis

Statistical Models for Causal Analysis
Author: Robert D. Retherford
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2011-02-01
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1118031342

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Simplifies the treatment of statistical inference focusing on how to specify and interpret models in the context of testing causal theories. Simple bivariate regression, multiple regression, multiple classification analysis, path analysis, logit regression, multinomial logit regression and survival models are among the subjects covered. Features an appendix of computer programs (for major statistical packages) that are used to generate illustrative examples contained in the chapters..

Statistical Models and Causal Inference

Statistical Models and Causal Inference
Author: David Freedman
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2010
Genre: Causation
ISBN 13: 9781107384491

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"David A. Freedman presents here a definitive synthesis of his approach to causal inference in the social sciences. He explores the foundations and limitations of statistical modeling, illustrating basic arguments with examples from political science, public policy, law, and epidemiology. Freedman maintains that many new technical approaches to statistical modeling constitute not progress, but regress. Instead, he advocates a 'shoe leather' methodology, which exploits natural variation to mitigate confounding and relies on intimate knowledge of the subject matter to develop meticulous research designs and eliminate rival explanations. When Freedman first enunciated this position, he was met with scepticism, in part because it was hard to believe that a mathematical statistician of his stature would favor 'low-tech' approaches. But the tide is turning. Many social scientists now agree that statistical technique cannot substitute for good research design and subject matter knowledge. This book offers an integrated presentation of Freedman's views"--Provided by publisher..

Agent-based Models and Causal Inference

Agent-based Models and Causal Inference
Author: Gianluca Manzo
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2022-01-28
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1119704464

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Agent-based Models and Causal Inference Scholars of causal inference have given little credence to the possibility that ABMs could be an important tool in warranting causal claims. Manzo’s book makes a convincing case that this is a mistake. The book starts by describing the impressive progress that ABMs have made as a credible methodology in the last several decades. It then goes on to compare the inferential threats to ABMs versus the traditional methods of RCTs, regression, and instrumental variables showing that they have a common vulnerability of being based on untestable assumptions. The book concludes by looking at four examples where an analysis based on ABMs complements and augments the evidence for specific causal claims provided by other methods. Manzo has done a most convincing job of showing that ABMs can be an important resource in any researcher’s tool kit. Christopher Winship, Diker-Tishman Professor of Sociology, Harvard University, USA Agent-based Models and Causal Inference is a first-rate contribution to the debate on, and practice of, causal claims. With exemplary rigor, systematic precision and pedagogic clarity, this book contrasts the assumptions about causality that undergird agent-based models, experimental methods, and statistically based observational methods, discusses the challenges these methods face as far as inferences go, and, in light of this discussion, elaborates the case for combining these methods’ respective strengths: a remarkable achievement. Ivan Ermakoff, Professor of Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Agent-based models are a uniquely powerful tool for understanding how patterns in society may arise in often surprising and counter-intuitive ways. This book offers a strong and deeply reflected argument for how ABM’s can do much more: add to actual empirical explanation. The work is of great value to all social scientists interested in learning how computational modelling can help unraveling the complexity of the real social world. Andreas Flache, Professor of Sociology at the University of Groningen, Netherlands Agent-based Models and Causal Inference is an important and much-needed contribution to sociology and computational social science. The book provides a rigorous new contribution to current understandings of the foundation of causal inference and justification in the social sciences. It provides a powerful and cogent alternative to standard statistical causal-modeling approaches to causation. Especially valuable is Manzo’s careful analysis of the conditions under which an agent-based simulation is relevant to causal inference. The book represents an exceptional contribution to sociology, the philosophy of social science, and the epistemology of simulations and models. Daniel Little, Professor of philosophy, University of Michigan, USA Agent-based Models and Causal Inference delivers an insightful investigation into the conditions under which different quantitative methods can legitimately hold to be able to establish causal claims. The book compares agent-based computational methods with randomized experiments, instrumental variables, and various types of causal graphs. Organized in two parts, Agent-based Models and Causal Inference connects the literature from various fields, including causality, social mechanisms, statistical and experimental methods for causal inference, and agent-based computation models to help show that causality means different things within different methods for causal analysis, and that persuasive causal claims can only be built at the intersection of these various methods. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough comparison between agent-based computation models to randomized experiments, instrumental variables, and several types of causal graphs A compelling argument that observational and experimental methods are not qualitatively superior to simulation-based methods in their ability to establish causal claims Practical discussions of how statistical, experimental and computational methods can be combined to produce reliable causal inferences Perfect for academic social scientists and scholars in the fields of computational social science, philosophy, statistics, experimental design, and ecology, Agent-based Models and Causal Inference will also earn a place in the libraries of PhD students seeking a one-stop reference on the issue of causal inference in agent-based computational models..

Statistical Modeling and Inference for Social Science

Statistical Modeling and Inference for Social Science
Author: Sean Gailmard
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages:
Release: 2014-06-09
Genre: Political Science
ISBN 13: 1139991760

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Written specifically for graduate students and practitioners beginning social science research, Statistical Modeling and Inference for Social Science covers the essential statistical tools, models and theories that make up the social scientist's toolkit. Assuming no prior knowledge of statistics, this textbook introduces students to probability theory, statistical inference and statistical modeling, and emphasizes the connection between statistical procedures and social science theory. Sean Gailmard develops core statistical theory as a set of tools to model and assess relationships between variables - the primary aim of social scientists - and demonstrates the ways in which social scientists express and test substantive theoretical arguments in various models. Chapter exercises guide students in applying concepts to data, extending their grasp of core theoretical concepts. Students gain the ability to create, read and critique statistical applications in their fields of interest..

Statistical Causal Inferences and Their Applications in Public Health Research

Statistical Causal Inferences and Their Applications in Public Health Research
Author: Hua He
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2016-10-26
Genre: Medical
ISBN 13: 3319412590

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This book compiles and presents new developments in statistical causal inference. The accompanying data and computer programs are publicly available so readers may replicate the model development and data analysis presented in each chapter. In this way, methodology is taught so that readers may implement it directly. The book brings together experts engaged in causal inference research to present and discuss recent issues in causal inference methodological development. This is also a timely look at causal inference applied to scenarios that range from clinical trials to mediation and public health research more broadly. In an academic setting, this book will serve as a reference and guide to a course in causal inference at the graduate level (Master's or Doctorate). It is particularly relevant for students pursuing degrees in statistics, biostatistics, and computational biology. Researchers and data analysts in public health and biomedical research will also find this book to be an important reference..

Causal Inference in Statistics

Causal Inference in Statistics
Author: Judea Pearl
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2016-03-07
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1119186846

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Many of the concepts and terminology surrounding modern causal inference can be quite intimidating to the novice. Judea Pearl presents a book ideal for beginners in statistics, providing a comprehensive introduction to the field of causality. Examples from classical statistics are presented throughout to demonstrate the need for causality in resolving decision-making dilemmas posed by data. Causal methods are also compared to traditional statistical methods, whilst questions are provided at the end of each section to aid student learning..

Causal Inference for Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences

Causal Inference for Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences
Author: Guido W. Imbens
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages:
Release: 2015-04-06
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1316094391

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Most questions in social and biomedical sciences are causal in nature: what would happen to individuals, or to groups, if part of their environment were changed? In this groundbreaking text, two world-renowned experts present statistical methods for studying such questions. This book starts with the notion of potential outcomes, each corresponding to the outcome that would be realized if a subject were exposed to a particular treatment or regime. In this approach, causal effects are comparisons of such potential outcomes. The fundamental problem of causal inference is that we can only observe one of the potential outcomes for a particular subject. The authors discuss how randomized experiments allow us to assess causal effects and then turn to observational studies. They lay out the assumptions needed for causal inference and describe the leading analysis methods, including matching, propensity-score methods, and instrumental variables. Many detailed applications are included, with special focus on practical aspects for the empirical researcher..

Statistical Models

Statistical Models
Author: David Freedman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2009-04-27
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 0521743850

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This lively and engaging book explains the things you have to know in order to read empirical papers in the social and health sciences, as well as the techniques you need to build statistical models of your own. The discussion in the book is organized around published studies, as are many of the exercises. Relevant journal articles are reprinted at the back of the book. Freedman makes a thorough appraisal of the statistical methods in these papers and in a variety of other examples. He illustrates the principles of modelling, and the pitfalls. The discussion shows you how to think about the critical issues - including the connection (or lack of it) between the statistical models and the real phenomena. The book is written for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in statistics, as well as students and professionals in the social and health sciences..

Advanced Statistics for Testing Assumed Causal Relationships

Advanced Statistics for Testing Assumed Causal Relationships
Author: Hooshang Nayebi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 113
Release: 2020-08-15
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 303054754X

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This book concentrates on linear regression, path analysis and logistic regressions, the most used statistical techniques for the test of causal relationships. Its emphasis is on the conceptions and applications of the techniques by using simple examples without requesting any mathematical knowledge. It shows multiple regression analysis accurately reconstructs the causal relationships between phenomena. So, it can be used to test the hypotheses about causal relationships between variables. It presents that potential effects of each independent variable on the dependent variable are not limited to direct and indirect effects. The path analysis shows each independent variable has a pure effect on the dependent variable. So, it can be shown the unique contribution of each independent variable to the variation of the dependent variable. It is an advanced statistical text for the graduate students in social and behavior sciences. It also serves as a reference for professionals and researchers..

Counterfactuals and Causal Inference

Counterfactuals and Causal Inference
Author: Stephen L. Morgan
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 525
Release: 2015
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1107065070

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This new edition aims to convince social scientists to take a counterfactual approach to the core questions of their fields..

Statistical Models in Epidemiology, the Environment, and Clinical Trials

Statistical Models in Epidemiology, the Environment, and Clinical Trials
Author: M.Elizabeth Halloran
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 283
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN 13: 1461212847

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This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications STATISTICAL MODELS IN EPIDEMIOLOGY, THE ENVIRONMENT,AND CLINICAL TRIALS is a combined proceedings on "Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials" and "Statistics and Epidemiology: Environment and Health. " This volume is the third series based on the proceedings of a very successful 1997 IMA Summer Program on "Statistics in the Health Sciences. " I would like to thank the organizers: M. Elizabeth Halloran of Emory University (Biostatistics) and Donald A. Berry of Duke University (Insti tute of Statistics and Decision Sciences and Cancer Center Biostatistics) for their excellent work as organizers of the meeting and for editing the proceedings. I am grateful to Seymour Geisser of University of Minnesota (Statistics), Patricia Grambsch, University of Minnesota (Biostatistics); Joel Greenhouse, Carnegie Mellon University (Statistics); Nicholas Lange, Harvard Medical School (Brain Imaging Center, McLean Hospital); Barry Margolin, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (Biostatistics); Sandy Weisberg, University of Minnesota (Statistics); Scott Zeger, Johns Hop kins University (Biostatistics); and Marvin Zelen, Harvard School of Public Health (Biostatistics) for organizing the six weeks summer program. I also take this opportunity to thank the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Army Research Office (ARO), whose financial support made the workshop possible. Willard Miller, Jr..

Direction Dependence in Statistical Modeling

Direction Dependence in Statistical Modeling
Author: Wolfgang Wiedermann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2020-11-24
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1119523141

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Covers the latest developments in direction dependence research Direction Dependence in Statistical Modeling: Methods of Analysis incorporates the latest research for the statistical analysis of hypotheses that are compatible with the causal direction of dependence of variable relations. Having particular application in the fields of neuroscience, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, and epidemiology, direction dependence methods have attracted growing attention due to their potential to help decide which of two competing statistical models is more likely to reflect the correct causal flow. The book covers several topics in-depth, including: A demonstration of the importance of methods for the analysis of direction dependence hypotheses A presentation of the development of methods for direction dependence analysis together with recent novel, unpublished software implementations A review of methods of direction dependence following the copula-based tradition of Sungur and Kim A presentation of extensions of direction dependence methods to the domain of categorical data An overview of algorithms for causal structure learning The book's fourteen chapters include a discussion of the use of custom dialogs and macros in SPSS to make direction dependence analysis accessible to empirical researchers..

Statistics in the 21st Century

Statistics in the 21st Century
Author: Martin A. Tanner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2001-07-09
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 1420035398

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Exactly what is the state of the art in statistics as we move forward into the 21st century? What promises, what trends does its future hold? Through the reflections of 70 of the world's leading statistical methodologists, researchers, theorists, and practitioners, Statistics in the 21st Century answers those questions. Originally published in the Journal of the American Statistical Association, this collection of vignettes examines our statistical past, comments on our present, and speculates on our future. Although the coverage is broad and the topics diverse, it reveals the essential intellectual unity of the field as we see the same themes recurring in different contexts. We see how the development of statistics has been driven by the unprecedented and still growing range of applications, by the explosion in computer technology, and by the new types of data that continue to emerge and advance the discipline. Organized around major areas of application and leading up to vignettes on theory and methods, Statistics in the 21st Century forms a landmark record of the progress and perceived future of the discipline. No student, researcher, or practitioner of statistics should miss this extraordinary opportunity to view the past, present, and future world of statistics through the eyes of its foremost thinkers..

Statistical Models

Statistical Models
Author: David Freedman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 459
Release: 2009-04-27
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN 13: 0521112435

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This lively and engaging book explains the things you have to know in order to read empirical papers in the social and health sciences, as well as the techniques you need to build statistical models of your own. The discussion in the book is organized around published studies, as are many of the exercises. Relevant journal articles are reprinted at the back of the book. Freedman makes a thorough appraisal of the statistical methods in these papers and in a variety of other examples. He illustrates the principles of modelling, and the pitfalls. The discussion shows you how to think about the critical issues - including the connection (or lack of it) between the statistical models and the real phenomena. The book is written for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in statistics, as well as students and professionals in the social and health sciences..

Handbook of Statistical Modeling for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Handbook of Statistical Modeling for the Social and Behavioral Sciences
Author: G. Arminger
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2013-06-29
Genre: Psychology
ISBN 13: 1489912924

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Contributors thoroughly survey the most important statistical models used in empirical reserch in the social and behavioral sciences. Following a common format, each chapter introduces a model, illustrates the types of problems and data for which the model is best used, provides numerous examples that draw upon familiar models or procedures, and includes material on software that can be used to estimate the models studied. This handbook will aid researchers, methodologists, graduate students, and statisticians to understand and resolve common modeling problems..

Modern Clinical Trial Analysis

Modern Clinical Trial Analysis
Author: Wan Tang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2012-09-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN 13: 1461443229

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This volume covers classic as well as cutting-edge topics on the analysis of clinical trial data in biomedical and psychosocial research and discusses each topic in an expository and user-friendly fashion. The intent of the book is to provide an overview of the primary statistical and data analytic issues associated with each of the selected topics, followed by a discussion of approaches for tackling such issues and available software packages for carrying out analyses. While classic topics such as survival data analysis, analysis of diagnostic test data and assessment of measurement reliability are well known and covered in depth by available topic-specific texts, this volume serves a different purpose: it provides a quick introduction to each topic for self-learning, particularly for those who have not done any formal coursework on a given topic but must learn it due to its relevance to their multidisciplinary research. In addition, the chapters on these classic topics will reflect issues particularly relevant to modern clinical trials such as longitudinal designs and new methods for analyzing data from such study designs. The coverage of these topics provides a quick introduction to these important statistical issues and methods for addressing them. As with the classic topics, this part of the volume on modern topics will enable researchers to grasp the statistical methods for addressing these emerging issues underlying modern clinical trials and to apply them to their research studies..